How Does Nuclear Power Work
How does nuclear energy work – Overview
How Does Nuclear Power Work. The fission of atomic particles in radioactive matter such as uranium creates an energy called nuclear energy. The energy released by the fission on the particles is fed into various turbines to produce electricity.
The fission can be defined as the process of splitting one single atomic particle. The fission happens by bombarding one single atomic with neutrons from some source. The breaking apart process of one single atomic will create massive amount of energy. Meanwhile, the fusion is the process of combining molecules into another core substance.
A specialized plant that utilized radioactive material such as uranium to generated electricity by forcing the heat and energy discharge into turbine called nuclear reactor. Nuclear reactors are similar to other power plants because they produce electricity. The differences come from the base material for their fuel.
Uranium 235, uranium 238 and plutonium 239 are the primary fuel source for nuclear reactors. The only natural occurring substance from these three sources is uranium 235. Meanwhile, both of uranium 238 and plutonium 239 are isotopes or variations of the mineral. An isotope is defined as a molecular compound that has some slight difference in its basic atomic element. This means, the amount of electrons or neutrons in its nucleus can be more or less than the basic of its atomic element. These isotopes can be useful in generating amounts of energy.
These three different compounds are highly fissionable and therefore produce greatest amount of energy with least amount of input. Because of that they are used as fuel sources for nuclear reactor.
The uranium must be mined, rolled into pellets and then processed into rods. The rod is inserted into the core of a nuclear power plant. During the bombardment process, the rods allow for the most efficient utilization of the uranium to create fission within each molecule. The energy which is produced then transfer into the turbines for processing into usable energy.